A recent United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report has
that Africa is suffering
from massive brain drain. The
manpower needed for the economic growth of the continent is being
lost to outsiders.
According to the report, Africa, since 1990, has
been losing 200, 000 professionals every year.
continent spends a whopping $4 billion every year in the employment
of 150 expatriates to fill the
human resource gap created by this
mass exodus of qualified Africans out of their continent .
This indeed is a
very worrisome report corroborated by the mass
exodus of qualified Nigerians to America,
Europe and other more
developed continents . Every day, our airports are crowded with our
brains fleeing Nigeria in search of the so-called greener
pasture abroad. Foreign embassies in Nigeria are daily
young Nigerian talents scampering for visa to flee the country . The
most regrettable aspect of the phenomenon
is that while Nigeria is in
this sorry state, the economy
and technology of advanced countries
are being driven by some Nigerian geniuses living abroad.
The tragedy of brain drain in Africa is that it is self-inflicted.
cannot be complaining of the loss of its human capital when it
lacks the enabling environment for the flourishing of this
capital. The continent is plagued from top to bottom by pervasive
poverty, war, environmental hazards and
infrastrutural and institutional decay is another problem. In
for example, the supply of electricity is epileptic. But a
worse problem besetting Africa which
is the principal cause of
capital decumulation is unemployment. There are many young
professionals roaming the African
streets without jobs. Faced with
unemployment frustration, many of these jobless youth are lured into
without employment and job security, Africans in the
disapora will not find the African soil attractive. That is why we
agree with the UNDP Administrator, Kemal Deris, that one of the
greatest developmental challenges facing Africa
at the moment is to
convert the pattern of growth in Africa into a pro-poor and economic-
growth. The elimination of poverty and satisfying of basic
human needs in Africa will definitely
act as incentives to Africans
in the diaspora to return home and get involved with the development
of their respective
The economic policies in Africa should focus on
retaining the human
capital needed for economic growth. A continent which is undergoing
the process of decumulation
of its human capital largely due to socio-
economic deprivations, is far from being an ideal continent for
democracy and human development.
Human beings are our hope of a better
Africa . Every society grows at
its own pace according to the aspiration of its own people.
by the philosophy of Pan-Africanism, qualified Africans in the
diaspora should head back home to develop
their continent. Home is
home. If the mass exodus continues unabated, Africa will become a
continent and foreigners will inherit our lands.
The challenge before African leaders therefore is to create the
environment for its skilled man-power. That way, the
incidence of braindrain will be greatly curtailed.
AFRICA MUST UNITE AND AFRICANS MUST UNITE!