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African Union - Sixth Region Diaspora Caucus/New York (SRDC/NY)

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The PAOC will establish Pan African (Pan Afrikan) clubs in every city and school district that will allow them within the African continent and in the diaspora. The primary purpose of these clubs is to stimulate, inspire and maintain the interest of continental African and diasporan youth in leading, redeeming, resurrecting and restoring the dignity and respect due to Africa and Africans in this world. Pan African clubs will energize youth about the quest for a United States of Africa that can speak with a unified voice and compete effectively with the G-8, the EU and other coalitions, and that will have the consistent support of Africans in the diaspora.


Africans need to re-learn to rely on Africans to solve African problems rather than to continue being dependent on non-African answers to everything.


For effective Pan African Clubs, the following process will be utilized (ADJUST TO THE MATERIAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF YOUR OWN AREA):


  1. Coordinators will arrange with school or other officials the facilities, times and announcements for the formation of a Pan African Club. Coordinators must be serious, knowledgeable and reliable, since the value of the Pan Africanism represented by those coordinators will be measured by how professionally and sincerely those coordinators present themselves.


  1. Coordinators will need to bring equipment and paperwork with them if the schools or other agencies do not have access to such materials. Thus, if a VCR/DVD/TV is needed to show youth films, to play Pan African music, etc., and the relevant school does not have such equipment, then the coordinators must find a way to get it, including the visual material, speeches, music, etc. Ditto brochures, reports on the heroes of Pan Africanism, etc. If it is possible, such equipment can be eventually donated to the school or agency.


  1. Coordinators will need to have identifying pins, shirts or other attire to let the public know that they represent Pan Africanism.


  1. The coordinators need to tell the youth, starting at the first meeting, that the youth are the future leadership of their area and country and the eventual unification of the African continent. The Pan African Club is to help prepare them for such leadership. 


  1. The coordinators need to bring with them to the first meeting some written material which speaks about heroes and sheroes of Pan Africanism for that country. For example, in Ghana, there is already the Big Six. Have some brief one-page papers that describe Pan African activities engaged in by these famous Africans. Memorize any exciting and positive stories which can be told to the youth about these famous Africans.


  1. Have the youth do a little research for each succeeding meeting on why Pan Africanism is important and who is doing what in Pan Africanism. Have them write essays and have debates (teach them about debate techniques). Give prizes if that will inspire the youth. Get the youth in contact with other youths in other places doing similar things.


  1. Since they will surely be asked to do so by the youth, coordinators must be prepared to advise and counsel youth on their future plans--going to and getting to secondary school, going to and getting to the university, going to and getting to internships and career-training situations, etc. Tell youth what is good about themselves and their options for the future.


  1. Coordinators should encourage the youth to be respectfully assertive and to practice solving problems among themselves. Youth become leaders by practicing responsible leadership.


  1. Get youth to read and report on topics of interest. If the books coordinators need are not available at the school or agency, find a way to get the books to the youth, don't just give up on the idea. Interest youth in seeing the cultural assets that are already a part of their country and city--encourage field trips, visits to exhibitions, etc. The youth must constantly be told and shown that people from their country contribute great things to the world.


  1. Coordinators need to be as creative as possible in setting up, developing and maintaining the Pan African Clubs. Each coordinator should stay on the project for as long as his/her individual circumstances allow, then turn it over to someone else. Remember: Once we start it, we should try to keep it going. This is our future we're dealing with. 


                                                                                      DLH FOR THE PAOC '05




Below are 25 texts (and 5 supplementals) considered basic materials for studying and developing youth leadership within 21st century Pan Africanism. All PAOC members, teachers, tutors and advisors should be very familiar with all of the listed texts, and portions of regular PAOC meetings should be devoted to discussion/analysis of the lessons and wisdom contained in the listed books. When new progressive materials become available, they can be added to the list. Most of these texts are still available for purchase or they are accessible through a library. Any PAOC or PA Club member who cannot acquire any of these books should immediately contact us at


Abdul-Raheem, Tajudeen (ed.).  Politics, Economy and Social Change in the Twenty-first Century. New York: New York Uni. Press, 1997.


Adi, Hakim, and Marika Sherwood (eds.).   Pan African History. London: Routledge, 2003. 


Afolabi, Niyi (ed.).  Marvels of the African World: African Cultural Patrimony, New World Connections and Identities. African World Press, 2003.


Ajala, Adekunle.  Pan Africanism: Evolution, Progress and Prospects. London:  Andre Deutsch, 1973.


Azikiwe, Nnamdi.  Renascent Africa.  New York: Humanities Press, 1937;   reprinted London: Frank Cass & Comp., Ltd.. 1968.


Blyden, Edward WAfrica for the AfricansWashington, D.C., 1872; reprinted,  London, 1903.


Chrisman, Robert, and Nathan Hare (eds.). Pan Africanism. New York: Bobs- Merrill, 1974.


Dubois, W.E. B.    The World and Africa.  New York: International Publishers, 1946.


Esedebe, P. Olisanwuche.  Pan Africanism: The Idea and the Movement, 1776-

            1991. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1994.


Geiss, Imanuel.  The Pan African Movement: A History of Pan Africanism in

            America, Europe and Africa. London: Metheun, 1974.


Harris, Joseph E.  Global Dimensions of the African Diaspora. Washington, D.C.:

            Howard University Press, 1982,


Mamdani, Mahmood, et al.  Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the

            Legacy of Late Colonialism.  Princeton University Press, 1996.


Mandaza, Ibbo (ed.)  Pan Africanism and Integration in Africa.  SAPES, 2002.


Maren, Michael.  The Road to Hell: The Ravaging Effects of Foreign Aid and

            International Charity.  Free Press, 1996.


Martin, Tony.  The Pan African Connection: From Slavery to Garvey and Beyond.

            Dover, Mass: The Majority Press, 1983.


Mbiti, John.  African Religions and PhilosophyNew York: Anchor Books, 1970.


M’Buyinga, Elinga.  Pan Africanism or Neo-Colonialism: The Bankruptcy of the

            O.A.U.  London: Zed Publishers, 1982.


Murithi, Timothy.  The African Union: Pan Africanism, Peacebuilding and

            Development.  Ashgate Publishing Comp., 2005.


Nascimento, Elisa Larkin.  Pan Africanism and South America: Emergence of a

            Black Rebellion.  Buffalo: Afrodiaspora, 1980.


Nkrumah, Kwame.  Africa Must Unite. New York: International Pub., 1963.


Neo-Colonialism, the Last Stage of ImperialismInternational Publishers, 1965. 


Nyerere, Julius K.  Freedom and Unity.  Dar es Salaam, 1966; London: Oxford  University Press, 1968.


Ofuatey-Kodjoe, W. (ed.).  Pan Africanism: New Directions in Strategy.  Lanham,  Md: University Press of America, 1986.


Okpewho, Isidore, Ali Mazrui, and Carol B. Davies.  African Diaspora: African Origins and New World Identities.  Indiana University Press, 2001.


Thompson, Vincent B.  Africa and Unity: The Evolution of Pan AfricanismLondon: Longman, 1969.


Walters, Ronald. Pan Africanism in the Diaspora: An Analysis of Modern  Afrocentric Political Movements. Detroit; Wayne State University Press,





Cheikh Anta Diop, The Cultural Unity of Black Africa. Chicago: Third World Press, 1959, 1978.


The African Origin of Civilization. Lawrence Hill Books, 1974.


Essien-Udom, E.U., and Amy Jacques Garvey.  More Philosophy and Opinions of  Marcus Garvey.  London: Frank Cass & Comp. Ltd., 1977.


Marable, Manning. African and Caribbean Politics: From Kwame Nkrumah to Maurice Bishop. London. Verso Press, 1987.


Rodney, Walter. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa.  Washington, D.C.;  Howard University Press, 1981.